Any merchandise that is the object of transport and storage must reach its recipient in perfect condition. Here we also include all the products that people acquire on a more or less daily basis for the future of our lives. How to protect these products be during the transport and storage phases. So they reach the final consumer in the best conditions? Through the proper use of containers and protective packaging.
The correct use of one and the other will serve not only to protect the merchandise when handling and transporting it but also to help preserve it. Therefore, not only must the warehouse conditions be optimal for their storage. But they must also allow the products to be preserved in a manner appropriate to their characteristics. For example, in previous articles, we have talked about cold stores. Or how a ship should be to store perishable products.
Let’s see how the containers and protective packaging of the merchandise can be and what must be taken into account depending on the type of merchandise.
What is a container?
The definition of “container” according to the third meaning given by the RAE is “That which wraps or contains articles of commerce or other effects to preserve or transport them.”
The main containers we find on the market are tetra bricks, cans of different materials (tin, sheet metal, aluminum), glass or plastic bottles, jars, jars, paper boxes of various sizes. The rigid or flexible container is in direct contact with the product it contains.
It is the protective packaging that, in addition to protecting the merchandise contained during its logistic handling. Draws the consumer’s attention and attracts its consumption. It also serves to offer printed information about its content.
The protective packaging must be carefully designed to fulfill these functions (protection, attraction and information).
Characteristics of a good container
Proper protective packaging will prevent product loss.
The container must guarantee, through its design and the use of suitable materials. The state of conservation of the product to prevent it from coming into attaching with contaminating factors. This is especially important in the food sector.
The container is the means of communication between the manufacturer and the final consumer. Since the necessary information is provided on nutritional values, expiration, characteristics, composition, quantities, etc.
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What is a protective packaging
We return to the RAE to see the definition of “protective packaging”: A box or cover with which the objects to be transported are protected.
Protective packaging is classified according to its use into three types:
- Primary protective packaging or container (see the previous section).
- Secondary protective packaging, tertiary protective packaging
Secondary protective packaging
Secondary protective package is usually made up of boxes of various sizes and models, which must be strong enough for handling. In addition, secondary protective package usually wraps multiple bundles of primary protective packaging or containers.
Tertiary protective packaging
Tertiary protective packaging contains various secondary protective packaging. You must protect them during transport and logistics handling to prevent deterioration. And ensure they reach the final consumer in perfect condition.
Therefore, the tertiary protective package must be designed to facilitate the handling. And transport of several sales units or several collective packages to avoid physical handling. And damage inherent in transport.
An example of this type of protective package is the pallets used to distribute. And transport large quantities of packaged products or secondary protective package.
Factors to consider when choosing the right protective package
Regardless of the type of protective package in question. When choosing the most appropriate, the following aspects must be taken into account:
- The characteristics of the product.
- The particularities of the means of transport to be used.
- The logistical costs were necessary for its transport and storage.
- The legal and technical regulations that both containers and protective package must comply with.
The type of material used in manufacturing containers and protective packaging must be by these factors.
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